Whether you are an immigrant outside or within Canada, if you wish to reside permanently in Canada, you need a grant from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Canadian permanent residency is a privilege that can be withdrawn at any time if the individual is convicted of an offense that may warrant him to be deported. However, permanent residents may not have the right to hold public office, vote, or join the military.
It takes quite a process to obtain a Canadian residency permit, and this post walks you through all you need to know and how to acquire the Canadian Permanent Residency.
What is Canada Permanent Residence (PR)?
Permanent Residence (PR) in Canada is a grant given by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to an individual (immigrant) who is not a Canadian citizen. This grant allows the individual to live and work in Canada without any time limit on their stay.
Canada Permanent Resident (PR) Eligibility
To check if you are eligible for a Canada Permanent Residence, you can calculate your eligibility score in the Express Entry CRS system.
The determinant of your score includes the following factors: official language proficiency, second official language, Canadian work experience, age, and level of education.
Secondly, you will need to prove that you can yourself and your family throughout your stay in Canada by showing that you have sufficient funding. This may not be the case if you already have a job in Canada or a job offer from a Canadian employer.
Canada Permanent Resident (PR) Requirements
A Canadian permanent resident must fulfill their residency obligation to the country if they wish to continue their resident status.
Canadian governance requires you to spend a minimum of 2 years in the country every five years period in Canada.
Hence, an officer at the Port of Entry or the Canada visa office has the right to confirm if you have fulfilled your obligations by counting back five years to verify if you have been in the country for at least 730 days.
This simply means that the Canada Permanent Resident requirement is to spend a minimum of 730 days in Canada within the last five years doing one of the following:
- Residing and remaining in Canada
- Accompanying their Canadian citizen spouse abroad
- Working abroad for a Canadian company
It is a notable fact that Canadian permanent resident can lose their status by failing to meet the residency obligation.
If your application is found to be lagging in any way, let’s say some documents are not complete or you did not fill some forms correctly or completely, it will be returned to you.
Different Pathways to Immigrate to Canada on Permanent Residency (PR)
There are several ways in which you can acquire a Canadian Permanent Residence through the Canadian Government or IRCC (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada); this includes; skilled immigration pathway, business and investor immigration, family sponsorship program, and even a lot more. Let’s take a look at them one after the other.
Skilled Immigration Pathway
As a skilled worker trying to gain a permanent residency in Canada, you will have to apply through the online Express Entry System. This is the easiest way to migrate to Canada and get a PR visa. The express entry system has three main categories, which include the following;
- Federal Express Entry System
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) – If you are a skilled worker outside, this is a good fit for you.
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST) Program – For all applicants with experience in a skilled trade
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC) – For those who already have some work experience in Canada
- Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Canada has a lot of provinces, and every province in Canada has its own PNP through which they can select skilled and talented people and nominate them for Canada PR visas. Here are some of the PNPs of Canadian provinces (SINP, OINP, AINP, NSNP PEI PNP, MPNP, BCPNP, etc.)
It is important to note that the permanent resident card expires every five years and should be renewed through an application process. Your card may not be renewed if you have not been physically present in Canada for the required period of time. You have to prove that you have been physically present in Canada or have satisfied the residency requirements.
One can meet the residency requirements while living outside Canada, including people living with a Canadian citizen spouse or those working outside Canada for Canadian businesses. That being said, it is still not possible to renew your Permanent Resident Card without being present in Canada and also having a Canadian address.